The future of digital democracy: trends in edemocracy and eparticipation

The future of digital democracy is characterized by citizen participation platforms, political crowdfunding, liquid democracy, online voting, and open data. These technologies promote inclusion and transparency in citizen engagement in democratic life, but require security measures to prevent abuse and manipulation.

The future of digital democracy

The future of digital democracy holds promise through the use of technologies that are already changing the way people participate in democratic life, giving rise to new models of citizen engagement that are increasingly inclusive and transparent.

Some trends related to e-democracy and e-participation that are emerging include:

Platforms for citizen participation

These online platforms enable citizens to participate in decisions that affect the community. This may include participating in surveys, submitting proposals or participating in discussion forums.

Political Crowdfunding

It is an election financing model in which political candidates or political organizations raise funds from a large network of supporters through online crowdfunding platforms.

In this model, supporters can donate money to candidates or political organizations through an online platform, such as Kickstarter or GoFundMe. Candidates can use these funds to finance their campaign, including advertising costs, public events, printed materials, and other costs associated with the campaign.

Political crowdfunding has become increasingly popular in recent years because it allows candidates to raise funds from a wide network of supporters without having to rely on large donations from organizations or businesses. In addition, political crowdfunding can increase citizens’ participation in the political process by enabling them to support candidates who represent their views and values.

However, political crowdfunding also presents some challenges. For example, it can be difficult to ensure transparency and fairness in the fundraising process, as candidates who are better known or have more financial resources may have an advantage over those who are less well known or have fewer resources.

In some countries, such as the United States, political crowdfunding is regulated by election law, which sets its limits and transparency requirements. However, in other countries, political crowdfunding is not yet specifically regulated, which can be a challenge to ensure its fairness and transparency.

Liquid Democracy

It is a model of participatory democracy that combines elements of representative democracy and direct democracy. In this model, citizens can delegate their vote to representatives, but they have the option to revoke the delegation at any time and decide on specific issues directly. This means that citizens can choose to delegate their vote on specific issues to representatives who share their views and values.

These representatives can be individuals or groups of people, such as political parties or civil society organizations. However, the delegation is not permanent and can be revoked at any time. This means that citizens can decide to revoke the proxy on a specific issue and decide directly on that issue by voting on an online platform or participating in a town meeting.

Liquid democracy aims to combine the advantages of representative democracy, such as the stability and efficiency of decision-making, with those of direct democracy, such as active citizen participation and more accurate representation of people’s opinions.

Online voting

The use of online voting technologies can increase citizen participation in elections and improve the security and reliability of the election process.

Open Data

The dissemination of open and accessible government data can foster citizens’ participation in democratic life, enabling them to monitor the activities of institutions and make proposals and suggestions.

In general, new participatory models are expected to be increasingly inclusive, transparent, and based on collaboration between citizens and institutions and even more so on the co-design of actions concerning public life. However, it is important to emphasize that the use of digital technologies in democracy must be accompanied by security and data protection measures in order to avoid abuse and manipulation.