Digital identity systems in online voting

The expansion of digital voting is leading to significant technological developments. These include the use of blockchain technology and advanced encryption algorithms to ensure the immodifiability and security of voting. In addition, new identity verification models, including biometrics, One Time Passwords (OTPs) and eGov credentials, are being developed to improve security and simplify the user experience in electronic voting systems.

The strong expansion in the use of digital voting has given new impetus to technological developments in this area. The issues inherent in voting such as immodifiability, unambiguousness and secrecy are common features in many areas but find their exacerbation on the delicate expression of voting.

Digital identification: new models for identity verification

As also indicated by the European Council, in addition to technological peculiarities there are also issues of transparency and verifiability of the adopted solutions.

In this context, for example, the application of blockchain technologies in various parts of the overall process and increasingly sophisticated encryption algorithms are being explored.

Another decisive factor is and will be related to digital authentication issues with new identity verification models.

Consumers today are increasingly savvy and tech-addicted and expect better-performing, convenient, faster digital experiences combined with enhanced security. Better authentication practices are therefore not only possible, but are becoming a necessity. The way forward points towards standards-based authentication with secure cryptographic systems to keep login information safe and private while providing an easy user experience.

Among the main passwordless authentication technologies already plotted in the roadmap of future implementations, we can mention: biometricsOne Time PasswordeGov credentials, Let’s look at them one by one.


Smartphones are becoming more and more technologically advanced, with cameras and machine learning models for facial recognition and document scanning performing better and better. They can, in fact, now be used to recognize people remotely and on a large scale. In the near future, users will be able to take a picture of their face and documents, and the application will compare the images automatically without the need for passwords.

Also in the biometric field, there is a growing focus on voice recognition technology as an element of authentication: it will become increasingly natural not only to interact with various devices through voice, but more importantly to use it precisely as an element of recognition.

OTP – One Time Password

The One Time Password (OTP)-a throwaway password-is technically a random string of alphanumeric characters that is generated by an authentication system.

It is one of the most popular methods in registration and authentication processes that guarantees high security standards and solves the problems associated with the use of the traditional password, as it is resistant to replay-attacks, i.e., those actions carried out by individuals or organizations against computer systems, infrastructures, computer networks and/or electronic devices for the purpose of taking possession of an authentication credential, communicated from one host to another, in order to use it later by simulating the user’s identity.

The OTP code, which is also widely used by Eligo as an authentication factor associated with other elements, will over time establish itself among the leading recognition and authentication technologies.

eGov credentials

Another trusted digital identity model that will spread widely are eGov credentials, digital identity models developed by government agencies that are characterized by a high level of security and used to access public services. These include Digital Identities that both citizens and service providers are increasingly using and valuing.

Technological development will thus give rise to new models of digital identity and will be a driving force for the creation of recognition systems that are secure, compliant with regulations, and attentive to the user experience. New recognition and authentication systems associated with and integrated into digital voting platforms will eventually lead to more efficient, accurate voting systems that can adapt to changing and evolving circumstances.